The pronoun is required, even when it is the object of the verb in the relative clause. If the defining relative clause were removed from the sentence, the sentence would still be gramatically correct, but its meaning would have changed significantly.

We link the relative clause to the noun with a relative pronoun. In this example, the relative pronoun is “which“. or 'which thing?' This anaphoric element may be overt or covert.

The …

Summary: What are Clauses in Grammar?

Jack, who's retired now, spends a lot of time with his grandchildren.

Grammar B1–B2: Relative clauses – non-defining relative clauses: 1. (Clause comes after the subject) We use commas (,) to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence.Commas represent a pause. Defining relative clauses are composed of a relative pronoun (sometimes omitted), a verb, and optional other …

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Relative Clauses can be defining or non-defining. For example: Elephants that love mice are very unusual.

Read the explanation to learn more. Grammar test 1 Grammar explanation. Anaphoric Elements in Relative Clauses "Relative clauses are so called because they are related by their form to an antecedent.They contain within their structure an anaphoric element whose interpretation is determined by the antecedent. English Relative Clauses with Who, Definition and Examples ”Who” is a kind of relative clause we use when the subject or object we want to describe is a human being.

If you wish, we can examine this in more detail through an example. Non-defining relative clauses: We don't use 'that' in non-defining relative clauses, so we need to use 'which' if the pronoun refers to a thing, and 'who' if it refers to a person. Relative Clause Examples. If the defining relative clause were removed from the sentence, the sentence would still be gramatically correct, but its meaning would have changed significantly. Punctuation rule. Relative clauses give us information about the person or thing mentioned. In this sentence we understand that there are many dogs in the world, but we are only talking about the ones that like cats. The defining relative clause gives us that Relative clauses give us information about the person or thing mentioned. Look at these examples to see how non-defining relative clauses are used. Take for example the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual.

In non-defining relative clauses, you cannot replace other pronouns with that. My sister, whose dog I'm looking after, is visiting a friend in Australia. To sum up: Define clause: A clause is a subject plus a verb.

Combine the two sentences using the second one as a relative clause. Two types of clauses are main/independent clause and dependent clause. 3 A good job Exercise 1 - Defining relative clauses. Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses.